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Over the past four years the TCPA has been leading a campaign for a new generation of Garden Cities as part of a portfolio of solutions to meet the nation’s housing needs. The creation of 21st Century Garden Cities should supplement the continuing task of urban regeneration and renewal of older towns (which may, in part, involve the creation of Garden Suburbs which borrow from Garden City ideals).
Over the last century the garden city ideals have proven to be outstandingly durable. Today, we still face the primary challenges confronted by Howard and his followers: meeting our housing shortage, generating jobs and creating beautiful and inclusive places. However, we have also the new challenges of globalised markets and the urgent need to adapt to and mitigate the impacts of climate change.
New settlements provide the opportunity and the economies of scale to truly fulfill the ambitions of sustainable development by delivering multiple benefits including social housing, zero carbon design, sustainable transport and local food sourcing. New communities also offer a powerful prospect to put in place new governance structures that put people at the heart of developing new communities and owning community assets.
The TCPA has produced a number of documents as part of its a re-invigorated campaign in support of a new generation of beautiful, inclusive and sustainable Garden Cities and Suburbs. The suite of documents listed to the left of this page sets out the practical actions needed to make 21st century Garden Cities and Suburbs a reality and provide detail and case studies on a wide range of key issues, including planning, investment, land assembly, delivery, and longterm stewardship.
Garden City Principles
The Garden City principles are a distillation of the key elements that have made the Garden City model of development so successful, articulated for a 21st century context. Modern Garden Cities should be predicated on a fusion of the very high social and environmental standards of Gardens Cities with the highly effective delivery mechanisms of the post-war New Towns, combining the best of both approaches and learning the lessons of what has worked in the past and what has not.
A Garden City is a holistically planned new settlement which enhances the natural environment and offers high-quality affordable housing and locally accessible work in beautiful, healthy and sociable communities. The Garden City principles are an indivisible and interlocking framework for their delivery, and include: