From 2009-11 the TCPA took part in GRaBS, a European partnership of 14 organisations which worked towards integrating climate change adaption into regional planning and development.

The campaign was hugely successful, with outputs including a tool for calculating the amount of green infrastructure needed on a new development, named the Green Space Factor, which has since been introduced into the planning policies of various municipalities throughout Europe.

Below is a list of all online resources for the GRaBS campaign. Not all resources will be applicable to today's context but most will provide some useful context.

Briefing papers

Briefing Paper 1: Understanding the environmental and social impact of garden development (2010)
An overview of the background policy context and issues surrounding garden developments including the extent of their impact on the environment and the urban environment’s resilience to the effects of climate change.

Briefing Paper 2: Delivering green infrastructure benefits to communities and places through planning (2010)
Understanding the benefits and value of green infrastructure and learning from current policy and practice.

Briefing Paper 3: Delivering adaptation in the UK – key themes and messages (2010)
Overview of a strategic policy approach to climate change adaptation delivery.

Briefing Paper 4: Water management and adaptation to climate change (2011)
The background policy context and issues surrounding water management policy for climate change adaptation.

Briefing Paper 5: Approval of sustainable drainage systems (2011)
An outline of the UK’s Flood and Water Management Act 2010, its provision on SUDs and the related responsibilities of local authorities in the planning process.

Expert papers

Expert Paper 1: The case for climate change adaptation (2011)
Sets out the case for climate change adaptation and argues that people and places facing poverty and disadvantage must not be disproportionately affected by climate change, or by policy or practice responses to it.

Expert Paper 2: Participation in climate change adaptation (2011)
How we can better involve communities in adaptation action plans and their implementation

Expert Paper 3: The Green Net – City of Graz
The methods and policies used for the delivery and future development of the green area network of Graz.

Expert Paper 4: Adapting transport systems to climate change
Summary of the GRaBS expert paper and Policy Guidelines on Transport and Climate Change

Expert Paper 5: Collaborative working for climate change policies
Innovative example of promoting high-level policy commitments from politicians and wider civil society groups.

Expert Paper 6: The Green Space Factor and the Green Points System
Using partnership between public, private and voluntary sectors to produce new developments that integrate green infrastructure from the outset.

Expert Paper 7: Assessing vulnerability to climate change and adapting through green infrastructure
This paper explains how to assess vulnerabilities and identifies how green infrastructure could help to reduce the impact of climate change on these vulnerabilities.


How to create High Level Policy Statements (2010)

Climate Change Adaptation Action Plan Guidance (2009)

Policy Guideline 1: How and where can green infrastructure help the north west mitigate and adapt to climate change? (2010)
How critical climate change functions of green infrastructure for sustainable economic development in the north west. 

Policy Guidelines 2: Planning for climate change (2010)
Planning policy guidance and model policies on climate change for local authorities

Policy Guidelines 3: Adapting transport systems to climate change
These guidelines set out what climate change adaptation strategies for transport systems should include.

GRaBS Assessment Tool User Guidance (2011)

AAP1: Climate Change Adaptation Action Plan for the Province of Styria
AAP2: Green Infrastructure to combat climate change: A framework for action in Cheshire, Cumbria, Greater Manchester, Lancashire and Merseyside
AAP3: Climate change adaptation in the Nieuw-West City Districy of Amsterdam
AAP4: Climate change AAP - Genoa

AAP5: Low Carbon City 2011-2020 (Southampton City Council)
AAP6: Climate Adaptation Strategy for Malmo City
AAP7: Borough Climate Change Adaptation Strategy (London Borough of Sutton)

Expand the box below to find out about modelling vulnerability to climate change - a mapping tool: read more


GRaBS database of case studies - executive summary (2011)
A showcase of different climate change adaptation approaches using green and blue infrastructure across Europe.

GRaBS Action Planning Toolkit (2011)


These publications are the outputs of the Green and Blue Space Adaptation for Urban Areas and Eco Towns (GRaBS) and the Competencies for Sustainable City Development (CLIMCAP) projects (co-funded by the INTERREG IVC and Lifelong Learning Programmes of the European Union).