Climate change adaptation is often focused on biodiversity and the survival of ecosystems, with little emphasis placed on the impact of extreme weather on our towns and cities, and the associated social and economic devastation that this can cause.

The TCPA has international expertise about using green infrastructure to adapt towns and cities to the impacts of climate change. This expertise is based on a wide range of pan-European projects that the TCPA has led, or participated in, during the last 10 years.

Guidance and policy recommendations for practitioners and local authorities can be found below.

How to create High Level Policy Statements (2010)
An approach to engaging politicians and decision-makers in adaptation action planning by summaraing organisational commitment to climate change. 

Climate Change Adaptation Action Plan Guidance (2009)
Practical guidance for local authorities to develop Climate Change Adaptation Action Plans (AAPs).

Expand the box below to see examples of Local Authority Adaptation Action Plans more

AAP1: Climate Change Adaptation Action Plan for the Province of Styria
AAP2: Green Infrastructure to combat climate change: A framework for action in Cheshire, Cumbria, Greater Manchester, Lancashire and Merseyside
AAP3: Climate change adaptation in the Nieuw-West City Districy of Amsterdam
AAP4: Climate change AAP - Genoa

AAP5: Low Carbon City 2011-2020 (Southampton City Council)
AAP6: Climate Adaptation Strategy for Malmo City
AAP7: Borough Climate Change Adaptation Strategy (London Borough of Sutton)

Expand the box below to find out about modelling vulnerability to climate change - a mapping tool: read more

The GRaBS Adaptation Action Planning Toolkit (2011) can be found at this link: 

GRaBS Assessment Tool User Guidance (2011)

GRaBS database of case studies - executive summary (2011)
A showcase of different climate change adaptation approaches using green and blue infrastructure across Europe.

Briefing Paper 1: Understanding the environmental and social impact of garden development (2010)
An overview of the background policy context and issues surrounding garden developments including the extent of their impact on the environment and the urban environment’s resilience to the effects of climate change.

Briefing Paper 2: Delivering green infrastructure benefits to communities and places through planning (2010)
Understanding the benefits and value of green infrastructure and learning from current policy and practice.

Briefing Paper 3: Delivering adaptation in the UK – key themes and messages (2010)
Overview of a strategic policy approach to climate change adaptation delivery.

Briefing Paper 4: Water management and adaptation to climate change (2011)
The background policy context and issues surrounding water management policy for climate change adaptation.

Briefing Paper 5: Approval of sustainable drainage systems (2011)
An outline of the UK’s Flood and Water Management Act 2010, its provision on SUDs and the related responsibilities of local authorities in the planning process.

Expert Paper 1: The case for climate change adaptation (2011)
Sets out the case for climate change adaptation and argues that people and places facing poverty and disadvantage must not be disproportionately affected by climate change, or by policy or practice responses to it.

Expert Paper 2: Participation in climate change adaptation (2011)
How we can better involve communities in adaptation action plans and their implementation

Expert Paper 3: The Green Net – City of Graz
The methods and policies used for the delivery and future development of the green area network of Graz.

Expert Paper 4: Adapting transport systems to climate change
Summary of the GRaBS expert paper and Policy Guidelines on Transport and Climate Change

Expert Paper 5: Collaborative working for climate change policies
Innovative example of promoting high-level policy commitments from politicians and wider civil society groups.

Expert Paper 6: The Green Space Factor and the Green Points System
Using partnership between public, private and voluntary sectors to produce new developments that integrate green infrastructure from the outset.

Expert Paper 7: Assessing vulnerability to climate change and adapting through green infrastructure
This paper explains how to assess vulnerabilities and identifies how green infrastructure could help to reduce the impact of climate change on these vulnerabilities.

Policy Guideline 1: How and where can green infrastructure help the north west mitigate and adapt to climate change? (2010)
How critical climate change functions of green infrastructure for sustainable economic development in the north west. 

Policy Guidelines 2: Planning for climate change (2010)
Planning policy guidance and model policies on climate change for local authorities

Policy Guidelines 3: Adapting transport systems to climate change
These guidelines set out what climate change adaptation strategies for transport systems should include.


These publications are the outputs of the Green and Blue Space Adaptation for Urban Areas and Eco Towns (GRaBS) and the Competencies for Sustainable City Development (CLIMCAP) projects (co-funded by the INTERREG IVC and Lifelong Learning Programmes of the European Union).